Mrs. Harold Jolley


Part Two The YELLow Sheet

Although the true first student newspaper, The Boomerang, was published in 1910, it only survived one issue (Thompson 21). It was the YELLow Sheet, a student created underground newspaper first produced in 1911, which provided students with University news.The YELLow Sheet was published daily through 1922. It was named for the color of paper on which it was created and also because it “yelled” for football (“Our History”). It began as an anonymous publication that was usually typed but was also sometimes handwritten, with hand-drawn images. By 1912, the YELLow Sheet had gained administrative approval and became OU’s source for student news, but 1912 also brought out competition; in the fall, three new student publications were born: The White Hope, The Prep Star, and The Censor. However, none of these gained the popularity of the YELLow Sheet and soon disappeared (Thompson 21). The last known YELLow Sheet was published in 1915, possibly because of the birth of The Gateway, the University newspaper that remains the campus publication more than 100 years later (“Our History”). It was the birth of The Gateway and the development of the school of journalism that may have led Jolley to embark on a teaching career upon her arrival in Omaha from St. Louis. UNO’s lasting school newspaper began as The Metropolitan in the fall of 1913 but became The Gateway, a small monthly publication, in 1914. At this time, The Gateway was produced in monthly intervals, with Pearl Gaines listed as its first “girl” editor (“Our History”).  In 1920, Mrs. Jolley was first listed as a Professor of Journalism. In her first year at the University, Mrs. Jolley began a student journalism group called “The Pup”; the group’s goal was to help students achieve success in the newspaper world. “The Pup’s” mascot, a dog named Dammit, was featured in photos with the members.  1919–1920, the group had seven members—five women, including Jolley, and two men. The group’s membership grew 1920–1921 to include sixteen members—twelve women and four men. The group held “theater parties, excursions to slums for knowledge of ‘lower part,’” and also “ate at a low-brow hash house” (“Our History”). One notable member of Mrs. Jolley’s group was artist Leonard Thiessen, who later became the Omaha World-Herald’s first art critic, a career he continued for thirty years. Thiessen’s art is housed today at the Museum of Nebraska Art in Kearney, Nebraska (Museum of Nebraska Art). Needless to say, “The Pup” was a colorful group that undoubtedly opened new, original opportunities for OU students.


  • 1910

    The Boomerang

    The first student news publication, The Boomerang is published, but only has one issue.

  • 1911


    The YELLow Sheet is first published, providing daily news to students on a yellow sheet of paper.

  • 1912

    Administrative Approval

    The YELLow Sheet gains both administrative approval as well as competition in the form of three new student publications, The White Hope, The Prep Star, and The Censor.

  • 1913

    The Metropolitan

    A student newspaper then known as The Metropolitan is published

  • 1914

    Name Change

    The Metropolitan changes its name to The Gateway, a student newspaper still in publication

  • 1915

    The Last Yell

    The last known copy of The YELLow Sheet is published

  • 1919

    The Pup

    Mrs. Jolley establishes a student journalism group known as "The Pup"

  • 1921

    Growing in Numbers

    "The Pup"s membership grows from its seven introductory members in 1919 to sixteen.



Up Next

Part Three Head of the Department

In 1922, the University’s class catalogue listed the “Department of Journalism” for the first time, and Mrs. Jolley was listed as the head of the department with Leona Leary, a former student and member of “The Pup,” listed as her assistant. This year marked new growth for students of journalism, and Jolley seems to have been a pinnacle factor in building students’ interests in news writing, namely because of her involvement in a student group like “The Pup.” 1922 marked the year of the first weekly publication of The Gateway, with its first issue published on January 13. Mrs. Jolley was listed on The Gateway’s board of publishers, which consisted of only 28 people. 

A group photo of